What determines the range of an electric skateboard?
While battery size may be the main deciding factor on the range of a board, it would be an error to ignore factors like motor power and wheel size. Among other things, these technical specifications come to play an important role in determining the performance of your electric skateboard.
Battery Size and Capacity
The battery size is generally considered the important factor you should consider when searching for a skateboard with an extended range. Battery capacity is measured in Watt-hours (Wh = volts x amp-h). However, it is also important to consider the important differences between various brands and setups. Even brands with similar battery capacities can influence their board range through a number of additional technical factors.
If the volts and the amp-hours of a board are displayed separately, then the true size of the battery is found by multiplying the two values together. It can be difficult to figure out the precise battery size of some electric boards, so be sure to carefully examine the technical specs before making a purchase.
The motor type and its power output is also an important factor in determining the range of your electric skateboard. We can put motors into three different categories: single, dual, and Quattro motor setups. A powerful motor can usually hit high speeds, but will also drain and potentially die more quickly. Stronger motors might also wear and break down easier, and this gradual wear and tear can also eat away at the range of your board.
Wheels and Wheel Size
Both the size and type of wheels on your board can help to influence its range. Big wheels generally provide a higher top speed, but lower acceleration than smaller wheels. The drag on pavement resulting from pneumatic wheels can also deplete the range of the device. Some estimates from researchers and experienced riders find that the drop-in range from using off-road (pneumatic) variants can be as much as ⅓ to ¼, which is pretty notable. Also, remember to keep those wheels in good shape. Riding with under-inflated wheels will also lower the range of your electric board considerably.
Age of Battery
The storage capacity of the battery slowly depletes the older it gets. If a Li-Ion Battery is maintained properly, it will typically last for up to around 1000 charges before reaching 80% of its original capacity. That means that if you use your electric skateboard daily, the battery will last you about 1- 3 years. Regular maintenance of your skateboard and its battery can help to keep the battery working effectively.
The total payload of your ride, meaning you, your gear and your board, is one of the major determining factors regarding your range. The slimmer the rider and the lighter the packing, the more generous your range will become. After all, most of our weight substantially more than the few dozen pounds of the average e-board.
The battery capacity is impacted by the outside temperature. On a cold, winter day your E-board might get 15% less range out of one battery in comparison to a temperate summer day. For you folks who live in seasonal regions, expect the capacity to be impacted by the outside temperature!
Other Range determining factors
Wind: Of course, the wind may impact the power output of your board, especially if you drive against the force of it to decrease your range. Wind can also help you increase the range if you ride along with it. The wind is another factor we have to take into consideration when calculating the estimated range of a board.
Terrain: Most of the ranges advertised on popular boards are tested in flat environments. This makes it hard to use these range quotes to estimate potential range on more hilly or mountainous terrains. A hill climbing, for example, can decrease the range of your board. It can also put more stress on the battery. The overall terrain will also dictate how much friction there is and how much your board has to work just to get around. Sand, dirt, frost, and asphalt all show different results.
Riding Habit: With decent riding habits, you can seriously conserve power, extending the range and battery life of your board. Power-saving riding habits that might increase range:Kick-push the board to support the acceleration (especially when starting)
Avoid halts and re-acceleration
Try to accelerate smoothly
Try to avoid hill starts, these will drain a lot of power
Ride with low speeds